Literary Elements of a Story

by Matt on October 12, 2009

in Class Notes, Literacy

Notes about the Literary Elements of a Story

Use this information for your notes and test on the Literary Elements of a Story. Remember, these elements are important things you will find in stories in all their forms (book, comic, tv show, movie).

When you are reading or watching TV, can you identify these elements?

The sequence of events that happen in a story. The plot
usually happens in the order of: Exposition, Rising Action,
Climax, Falling Action, and Denouement.

Where and when the story takes place. The setting is the
geographic location of the story. When a character walks
from one part of a neighborhood to the other, the scene
changes, but the setting always stays the same.

The people, animals, or creatures in the story.

One character who is central to the story and all the
major events in the story.

The character who opposes, or goes against the main
character or protagonist. The antagonist tries to
prevent the main character (protagonist) from
succeeding or being happy.

Conflict is a problem that happens in the story. Usually, the
conflict happens toward the beginning of the story, at the
beginning of the Rising Action. There are different types of
(1) Person versus Person
(2) Person versus Self
(3) Person versus Nature
(4) Person versus Society
(5) Person versus Circumstance

The message that is in the story. Common themes are love, friendship, loyalty, faith, hope, forgiveness, sacrifice, honor, justice, truth, freedom.

If you are interested in additional ideas for teaching literacy, I highly recommend The Daily Five and The CAFE Book: Engaging All Students in Daily Literary Assessment and Instruction. If you are looking for engaging, practical lessons for teaching reading comprehension, I also recommended Reciprocal Teaching at Work: Powerful Strategies and Lessons for Improving Reading Comprehension, 2nd Edition or any other teaching book by Lori Oczkus

Download the Literary Elements of a Story here.

{ 1 comment… read it below or add one }

Alexis Roby December 1, 2011 at 2:16 pm

Very nice job! You showed your vocabulary level to be high! Very impressed with the effort you shpwed for just an website. It helped me alot.


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